Fifty Shades of Tax Deductions
No Fifty Shades of Grey here. Here are Fifty Black and White Tax Deductions and Credits.
1) Standard Deduction – Taxpayers can take the higher of the Standard Deduction or their Itemized Deductions.
2) Medical Expenses
3) Medical Miles – The deduction for medical miles is currently 23 cents per mile.
4) State Income Taxes
5) Sales Taxes – Can take the higher of sales tax or state income tax.
6) Real Estate Taxes
7) Personal Property Tax
8) Mortgage Interest – The interest deduction is limited is $1 million of debt plus a home equity line of $100,000.
9) Points Paid on Purchase of Primary Residence
10) Investment Interest – Limited to Investment Income.
11) Cash Donations – Limited to 50% of Adjusted Gross Income.
12) Property Donations – An additional form is required for property donations over $500. Appraisals may be required for property donations over $5,000.
13) Appreciated Property Donations – Limited to 30% of Adjusted Gross Income.
14) Charity Miles – The deduction for charity miles is currently 14 cents per mile.
15) Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses
16) Home Office Expense
17) Tax Preparation Fee
18) Expenses for the Protection of Income
19) Investment Expenses
20) Safe Deposit Box
21) Union Dues
22) Job Search Expenses
23) Gambling Losses – Limited to Gambling Winnings.
24) Casualty Losses
25) Excess Deductions on Termination of an Estate
26) Tax-Exempt Interest
27) Excludable Interest on EE and I-Bonds – Limited to bonds issued after 1989 used for higher education.
28) IRA – Annual contribution of $5,000 an additional $1,000 for taxpayers over age 50.
29) Roth IRA – Same limitations as an IRA. No income tax deduction. If the account is open for 5 years and over age 59 1/2, all distributions are income-tax free.
30) 401(k) Plan Contribution – Employees can contribute up to $17,000 per year. An additional $5,500 is allowed for taxpayers over age 50.
31) Stock Losses – Capital gains and losses are netted. If the net is a loss, a capital loss deduction of up to $3,000 is allowed. Losses above this amount are carried forward to future years.
32) Rental Real Estate Losses
33) Farming Losses
34) Trade or Business Losses
35) Alimony Paid – Alimony is fully deductible by the payor and fully taxable to the recipient.
36) Tuition and Fees Deduction
37) Student Loan Interest
38) Health Savings Account Deduction
39) Moving Expense
40) Self-Employed Health Insurance
41) One Half of the Self Employment Tax
42) Penalty on Early Withdrawal of Savings
43) Domestic Deduction Activities Deduction
44) Annual Gift Tax Exclusion – Exclusion is $13,000 per recipient per year to an unlimited number of people.
45) Additional Gift Tax Exclusion – Payments made directly for higher education tuition and medical expenses are allowed above the annual $13,000 exclusion.
46) 529 Plan 5 Years Gifting Upfront – A 529 Plan allows for funding of 5 years in one year. You just need to file the gift tax return to make the election.
47) Foreign Tax Credit
48) Education Credits
49) Child Care Credit
50) Retirement Savings Contribution Credit
What do you think? Please leave your comments below.
Thomas F. Scanlon, CPA, CFP®